Mo Tzu and Moism
CHAPTER I BRIEF HISTORY OF CHINA BEFORE AND DURING MO TZU'S TIME In commencing this study of Mo Tzu and Moism, the question may well be raised of the value of a general study of this philosopher and his works rather than an intensive exploration into one aspect or phase. This latter approach may be more profitable but the former provides the opportunity to delve into the unique character of this Chinese philosopher—the multiple character of his thought, a multiplicity seldom anticipated in an individual person. He can be rightly called an "utilitarian." How then, does his utilitarianism go hand in hand with his doctrine of "universal love"? He has been named "an almost Marxist." How did this ancient Marx preach the "Will of Heaven” at the same time? Did he conduct himself according to what he was teaching? Or was he a mere talker like most of the modern philosophers? What were his ideas on the more speculative problems in philosophy. These are but a few of the facets of his thought which provoke an interest in all the various and numerous dimensions of his thought and of his character.
Chao, Hilda, "Mo Tzu and Moism" (1960). ETD Collection for Fordham University. AAI28673369.