Reporting Patterns of Subjective and Objective Neuropsychological Symptoms in Adolescents with Sports-Related Concussions
Sports-related concussions are recognized as a significant health risk, especially for children and adolescents. Neurocognitive functioning has been shown to be negatively impacted by concussions. Due to the diffuse and multifaceted nature of concussions, both subjective and objective measures of reporting are used for accurate and timely diagnosis. This study aimed to assess high school athletes’ patterns of reporting of neurocognitive symptoms, as compared to objective, computer-based neuropsychological measures. High school athletes with suspected sports-related concussions presented for a neuropsychological evaluation at Staten Island University Hospital. Athletes completed the Post-Concussion Symptom Inventory (PCSI) and were administered a neuropsychological battery including CNS Vital Signs (CNSVS). Participants reported highest symptom load immediately after injury, and in the past three days. There was a small relationship between athletes who demonstrated memory loss for events before the injury and PCSI symptom totals. A significant predictive relationship was found between executive function, visual memory, and complex attention CNSVS scores and the PCSI item assessing for deficits in domains. Ultimately, subjective reporting of concussion symptomology accurately reflected scores in objective, computerized neuropsychological test data within the domains of executive function, visual memory, and attention.
Gomes, Dean R, "Reporting Patterns of Subjective and Objective Neuropsychological Symptoms in Adolescents with Sports-Related Concussions" (2021). ETD Collection for Fordham University. AAI28717186.