Employment, a Factor in Parole Success of Inmates Released to the Springfield College Pre-Release Guidance Center
Penology has "been defined as the body of knowledge, concerned with the treatment of those who break the law. The earliest form of treatment was not treatment as we know it today. Punishment was really the treatment method and its objectives were vengeance, restraint, deterrence and reformation. Today reformation is alleged to be the aim of penology, but we can still perceive elements of vengeance, restraint and deterrence in the law or in its administration and execution. Parole grew out of the change in point of view in penal philosophy from one of punishment to one of reformation. While the fundamental aim of penology has always been protection of society, restoring the offender to normal social functioning is a more humane method of protection than prolonged confinement or capital punishment. Although conceived of as one of the most promising developments in the entire range of rehabilitative devices for the offender, parole has not entirely fulfilled the promise. The use of parole is tied to a fundamental fact that 95 per cent of all prison inmates will be released from the institution at one time or another. Parole aims to provide supervision rather than release in a random, haphazard manner, in which the former inmates make their way as best they can.
Mental health|Social work
Jones, Luther C, "Employment, a Factor in Parole Success of Inmates Released to the Springfield College Pre-Release Guidance Center" (1965). ETD Collection for Fordham University. AAI30308757.