Intelligence Tests and Educational Standards
There is, perhaps, no subject which has aroused such widespread interest in the past few years as the topic of intelligence tests and educational standards. It is not so many years ago that such contributions to the history of education as were made by Plato, Montaigne, Rousseau, Froebel, Herbart, Spencer and Montessori aroused tremendous popular interest, even though those famous educators failed to realize the necessity for intelligence tests. The idea of testing is not new, as it dates back to the Chinese who developed a system of examinations and to the Romans who used the twelve "Tablets", in educating the typical Roman boy. Plato outlined in his "Republic”, his theory of selective training. Montaigne insisted upon the study of the external world. Rousseau promised a pedagogical triumph in the field of education with his iconoclastic tendency towards the elimination of all the restrictions of habit. Froebel emphasized child study; Herbart stressed mind study; Spencer demanded scientific training to fit one for a successful life. Montessori had an exaggerated idea of the value of sense training. These are a few of the famous educators who enthusiastically premised pedagogical triumphs which have not yet been realized.
Pedagogy|Education history|Education|Mental health
Martin, Sister Mary Aloyisius, "Intelligence Tests and Educational Standards" (1928). ETD Collection for Fordham University. AAI30557688.