School Desegregation and the Intergroup Committee on New York’s Public Schools: Analysis of Attempts at Integration and Equalization, 1954–63
Background of the Study. Since the period of Reconstruction, particularly since World War I, Negroes throughout the South and in many northern states have fought in various ways to overcome handicaps of educational inequalities which stem from segregated schools. Negroes have presented countless petitions to white school authorities, have carried on widespread campaigns of protest and publicity, contributed millions of dollars to supplement the meager public-funds allocated to Negro schools, exerted political pressure where they were permitted to vote, lobbied in Congress for federal equalization-legislation, and appealed to Court for enforcement of their right to equality of educational opportunity. In 1857 New York State started campaigning to eliminate separated school facilities for Negroes. In 1884 Grover Cleveland, then Governor of New York, signed a bill abolishing segregated schools, requiring that all schools be open for the education of all pupils who sought admission without regard to race or color.
Social research|Social work|African American Studies
Bartlett, Robert Sidney, "School Desegregation and the Intergroup Committee on New York’s Public Schools: Analysis of Attempts at Integration and Equalization, 1954–63" (1963). ETD Collection for Fordham University. AAI30670819.