Relations among acculturation level, acculturation gap, stress, and social adjustment of Korean American adolescents

Eunae Christina Kim, Fordham University


The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between acculturation, perceived stress, and social adjustment of Korean American adolescents. Intergenerational conflict is hypothesized to arise secondary to differential acculturation of parents and children. The subjects of the study consisted of 121 Korean American adolescents (60 males, 61 females) ranging in age from 13 to 20 years old and their mothers. Participants were recruited on a voluntary basis from the New York Metropolitan area. Adolescent participants were administered a demographic questionnaire, the Suinn-Lew Asian Self-Identity Acculturation Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Social Adjustment Report-Self Report. Parents were administered the Suinn Lew Asian Self-Identity Acculturation Scale. The data analysis included a Pearson correlation and hierarchical multiple regressions. Hypotheses in this study were that predictor variables including adolescent and parent acculturation score, perceived stress, and demographic variables (age at the time of immigration, years in U.S., gender, and academic performance) would significantly predict adolescents' social adjustment. Results of the study revealed that when all variables are combined, academic performance and perceived stress significantly predicted social adjustment among Korean American adolescents. Multiple regression analyses indicated that no independent variables alone significantly predicted social adjustment except for academic performance. Interpretation of results and implications for future research are discussed.

Subject Area

Educational psychology

Recommended Citation

Kim, Eunae Christina, "Relations among acculturation level, acculturation gap, stress, and social adjustment of Korean American adolescents" (2006). ETD Collection for Fordham University. AAI3210272.