Date of Award

Spring 5-10-2023

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (BA)


Environmental Studies


John Van Buren


This paper discusses the history and future of water in the Republic Of Lebanon, giving general attention to the future of water and agriculture in the Middle East. Chapter One will use several sources to examine a broad section of quantitative data covering water scarcity. Additionally, this chapter will use annual United Nations agriculture reports highlighting the growing risk posed by inadequate agricultural development mixed with water scarcity. These sources will be used to examine both the historical issues surrounding agriculture and the current problems faced. Chapter Two focuses on the history of agriculture and water use in the region in addition to the future possibility of food security. Chapter Three explores the need for novel environmental policies on the part of the government and other stakeholders to address the issue of exploitative and damaging politics. Chapter Four concentrates on efficient design concepts around water use and irrigation. This chapter will also focus on the lack of policy targeted at renewable water collection practices. Chapter Five focuses on tying together the relationship between past failures and the possibility of future regenerative water systems.