Date of Award

Spring 5-10-2023

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (BA)


Environmental Studies


John Van Buren


Severe weather events have come about as a result of the changing global climate, which have drastically changed local and global environments. These events have destroyed many homes, land areas, and, unfortunately, lives. Therefore, it is important for cities that are highly populated to be aware of the great damage a severe weather event can bring. New York City (NYC) has been hit with many severe weather conditions, and with over 8 million habitants, it is important that this city should be prepared for any future weather events that may occur. This paper analyzes the effects of heat waves and rainfall in NYC and the effect on its urban environment. All this followed by an analysis of how the city has been coping with these effects, those who are affected the most, and the policies that can better prepare NYC for future severe weather events. Chapter 1 provides data from the IPCC, NOAA, EPA, and NYC local government agencies regarding climate change, rainfall and heat waves, and the case study of Hurricane Sandy in order to better understand the effects of severe weather events on urban environments. Chapter 2 describes the different ways that NYC has coped with previous floods and heat waves and whether or not it has worked. Chapter 3 draws the attention of environmental injustices and those who are affected the most whenever heat waves and mass floods occur, in terms of power outages, transportation, etc. Chapter 4 looks at the policies from the local government the way they have tried to fight climate change and improve the City’s urban designs through the different policies that are currently in place, or will be put into place. The final chapter concludes this paper by putting together the important information from each chapter and creates recommendations and potential solutions to the issues presented from each chapter and overall case study.