African American Studies


The following short summary of economic trends affecting the nation's Black population in the post WW 2 era are an essential backdrop to analyzing the rise of Affirmative Action in employment and education in the late 1960's and early 1970's. It will help explain why uprisings took place in so many urban black communities in the middle and late 1960's, with the largest taking place in Los Angeles, Newark and Detroit, and why a critical portion of the nation's leaders, along with a significant portion of the politically aware black population, felt that color blind civil rights law could not address the level of exclusion Black people experienced in the most dynamic sections of the economy in the 1960's.