Empirical Validation of a Christian-Integrated Psychotherapy Framework: A Task Analysis

Elena Eun Kyung Kim, Fordham University


An empirical process map was created after closely analyzing a Christian-integrated psychotherapy framework. This study required the use of task analysis, which entailed comparing three resolution performances with two non-resolution performances on the client’s depth of experiencing, client emotional arousal, and prototype of emotion. Empirical results supported the original psychotherapy model. It was found that clients were able to access and examine primary emotions of shame, guilt, and hopelessness. As clients recognized that they had adopted long-standing strategies to avoid these emotions, they felt a more profound sense of despair as they lost hope in their ability to repair their shame and guilt. Meanwhile, clients struggled with ambivalent feelings toward their God images. They expressed doubts that their God images could provide a solution but kept seeking for spiritual hope. All clients then reported envisioning compassion from their God images. Elevated emotional arousal of love and joy were exhibited. This was followed by a direct conversation with their God images about their negative emotions or strategies of avoidance, and receipt of compassionate and empathic messages that superseded clients’ previous emotions, thoughts, and beliefs. This allowed for an increase in awareness and acceptance, as measured by the client's depth of experiencing. At the resolution, clients exhibited more self-confidence, less negative affect, and more positive psychological functioning.

Subject Area

Counseling Psychology|Religion

Recommended Citation

Kim, Elena Eun Kyung, "Empirical Validation of a Christian-Integrated Psychotherapy Framework: A Task Analysis" (2021). ETD Collection for Fordham University. AAI28022409.