Racial Identity Social Interaction and Working Alliance in Supervision with Supervisees of Asian Descent

HangYi Chen, Fordham University


In recent years, more scholars began to testify that racial identity, a multidimensional psychological construct, matters more than demographic characteristics, such as race, in the context of clinical supervision. The current study examined the effect of supervisor-supervisee racial identity social interactions (SIM) on the supervisory process and outcome, tuning in specifically to the perspectives of supervisees of Asian descent. The role traditional Asian values (AVS) may play in the relationship between the SIM types – progressive, parallel-high, parallel-low, regressive – and the supervisory working alliance (SWAI) was assessed through regression analyses. Data from 117 graduate-level students in psychology, social work, and related fields showed that SIM types between the supervisees and the supervisors did have an effect on their SWAI. Specifically, if a supervisee and a supervisor had a parallel-low dyad, they would report a significantly lower SWAI, especially when compared with that of a progressive or parallel-high dyad. In addition, data analyses also revealed a main effect and moderating effect of AVS. It was found that a higher level of adherence to AVS predicted poorer supervisory working alliance. Meanwhile, one SIM by AVS moderation effect related to SWAI was indicated. Specifically, when a supervisee reported a higher level of adherence to AVS, those who endorsed a parallel-low SIM type with their supervisors were more likely than those in a progressive dyad to report a weaker supervisory working alliance; supervisees who reported lower AVS, despite which SIM condition they were in, did not differ in their perceived level of supervisory working alliance.

Subject Area

Counseling Psychology|Ethnic studies|Occupational psychology|Labor relations|Social psychology|Ethics|Education

Recommended Citation

Chen, HangYi, "Racial Identity Social Interaction and Working Alliance in Supervision with Supervisees of Asian Descent" (2022). ETD Collection for Fordham University. AAI28649731.