The Unattached Woman: A Study of Fifty-Six Unattached Women, Forty-Five to Sixty-Two Years Old Residing in New York City in 1964 Who Were Receiving Home Relief From the New York City Department of Welfare and Whose Problems Were Housing, Employment and Recreation
The Great Depression of the 19301s brought into sharp focus the inadequacies of voluntary agencies and local communities to handle crises arising from unemployment, drought, crop failure, and other means of maintenance of income security. Local government participation in relief programs was predicated on the persistent tradition of utilizing self-help and local resources. With recognition of the massive and devastating scope and depth of the economic catastrophe of the 1930’s, came the assumption by state governments of their responsible involvement in such programs. Typical of this was the legislation in September 1931 by New York State in its creation of the Temporary Emergency Relief Administration which granted direct and work relief through local bureaus. Federal aid in the area of economic stress appeared initially in the Emergency Relief and Construction Act, passed in July, 1932, which provided the means for the states of a broader base of finance and service. This legislation, while accepting temporarily the responsibility of underwriting the cost of employment relief, financed large-scale building projects, intended as "made-work” employment programs for states and local communities. The Federal Emergency Relief Act of 1933 went further with grants to the states for the relief of unemployment. Other signal measures of the federal government’s responsibility in this area were: Civilian Conservation Corps, a work program for young men involving conservation of natural resources; Wagner-Peyser Act of 19331 authorizing a nationwide public employment service; National Recovery Act, development of a national public works program; Civil Works Administration, a term-period program of specified public works.
Nearon, June Freda, "The Unattached Woman: A Study of Fifty-Six Unattached Women, Forty-Five to Sixty-Two Years Old Residing in New York City in 1964 Who Were Receiving Home Relief From the New York City Department of Welfare and Whose Problems Were Housing, Employment and Recreation" (1965). ETD Collection for Fordham University. AAI30308749.