Who is supervising the high school counselor? Analysis of job self-efficacy, job satisfaction and role analysis

Donald R Przytula, Fordham University


The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between five methods of supervision and the frequency of supervision of New York State School Counselors with the counselors' career self-efficacy, job-satisfaction, role analysis and planned career longevity. Electronic survey responses from 303 secondary school counselors were analyzed in which counselors rated their career self-efficacy using questions from the COSE (Counselors Self-Estimate Inventory). Counselors were also asked to provide information about their supervisor, the frequency of supervision and the method of supervision used: (1) Clinical; (2) Peer; (3) Developmental; (4) Administrative; or, (5) none. Based on Albert Bandura's theories on self-efficacy, it was expected that counselors receiving clinical and peer supervision would be more satisfied, show more self-efficacy and would plan on remaining in their jobs longer. The Major findings of the study include: (a) over 30% of the counselors reported having received no supervision in the last year; (b) another 22% reported having received supervision only once in the last year; (c) over 14% of the counselors reported administrative supervision, a form of supervision that does not involve direct observation of the counselor, as the most frequent form of supervision; (d) no significant relationship was found between the method of supervision the amount of time counseling students; (e) satisfaction with supervision did correlate significantly with career planned longevity and job satisfaction but did not correlate with career self-efficacy; (f) the only factor found to correlate with career self-efficacy was the amount of time spent counseling students. The study was able to find eight variables that together attributed to 12% of the variance in planned career longevity and 23% of the counselor job satisfaction.

Subject Area

School administration|School counseling

Recommended Citation

Przytula, Donald R, "Who is supervising the high school counselor? Analysis of job self-efficacy, job satisfaction and role analysis" (2008). ETD Collection for Fordham University. AAI3323264.