Masculinity, gender role conflict, and attachment between fathers and adolescent sons

Scott W Woerner, Fordham University


In contrast to common discourse either highlighting the negative effects of absentee fathers or assuming that mere involvement of the father in his children's lives contributes to their well-being, the current study investigates the relationship among masculinity ideology, male RGID, gender role conflict in fathers, and attachment between them and their adolescent sons. One hundred and sixty-two fathers of mixed racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic backgrounds were sampled through e-mail and Internet surveys. Though the hypothesized path model was not found to be a good fit, largely due to data collection issues with the Gender Role Conflict Scale, Short Form, it was demonstrated that male gender role flexibility mediated the positive relationship among reference group nondependence, diversity orientation, and affective quality of attachment, as well as parental role in fostering autonomy, and that male gender role dogmatism mediated the negative relationship between reference group dependence and affective quality of attachment. In addition, differences in affective quality of attachment and in male gender role dogmatism were noted in comparing Hispanic and non-Hispanic fathers.

Subject Area

Counseling Psychology|Gender studies

Recommended Citation

Woerner, Scott W, "Masculinity, gender role conflict, and attachment between fathers and adolescent sons" (2013). ETD Collection for Fordham University. AAI3557854.