Date of Award

Spring 5-20-2023

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (BA)


Isaie Dougnon

Second Advisor

Christopher Toulouse, Ph.D.


The withdrawal of French troops from Mali in August 2021 has revealed massive structural problems with crisis intervention and conflict mitigation in Africa. The purpose of this research is to reveal how foreign intervention in the Sahel has failed to stabilize the region in the face of mounting political, socioeconomic, and environmental crises. This paper examines Mali and France, two countries that are centered in crisis in the Sahel, and how the politics of intervention have resulted in the current situation. While the crisis in the Sahel does not yet have a clear result, this project seeks to contextualize current conflict in past and present manifestations of violence to better assess the ways in which foreign intervention is or is not successful.