Date of Award

Spring 5-20-2023

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (BA)


Christopher Maginn, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Christopher Toulouse, Ph.D.


The Northern Ireland question still remains unanswered in 21st century politics in the British Isles. While the 1998 Good Friday Agreement largely brought an end to the decades long sectarian conflict known as the Troubles, the ethno-national debate still heavily underscores the region’s politics. After the Agreement, a period of normalization of the Irish-British-Northern Irish relationship began guided by the Agreement’s new system of government. However, the Brexit referendum of 2016 posed a new challenge for Northern Ireland and Ireland as the possibility of a return to a hard border between the two regions threatened decades of fragile peacebuilding. The challenge remains for the two jurisdictions to make sense of Northern Ireland’s new status outside of the European Union.