Date of Award

Spring 5-19-2018

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (BA)


Idalia Bastiaens, Ph.D.


Female labor force participation (FLFP) is important for the socio-economic development of a nation because it promotes efficiency and equity. Generally, high female participation in the labor market implies: advancement in the economic and social standings and empowerment of women. These things promote equality and utilize all available human capital, which create a greater capacity for economic growth and poverty reduction. Understanding women's decision to partake in the labor market, as well as the factors that encourage to either participate in or refrain from the workforce, is imperative for policy makers to create legislation to help an economy develop and remain successful. This paper seeks to understand how both India and Brazil, as democracies and emerging economies are on divergent are on divergent paths with their FLFP, which may be in part due to each country's different approach to tertiary education.