Multidimensional effects of acculturation on English-language neuropsychological test performance among HIV+ Caribbean Latinas/os
Acculturation; Neuropsychology; HIV; Cognition; Latina; Latino
Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences
Acculturation has been linked to neuropsychological performance in several ethnic groups. However, research among Latina/o samples has examined primarily Mexicans/Mexican Americans and has not examined Latina/o clinical populations of Caribbean descent. This study examined associations between a multidimensional acculturation measure and neuropsychological performance among 82 HIV+ Caribbean Latina/o adults. Multivariate results showed that US acculturation significantly predicted 11–14% of the variance in global neuropsychological functioning, verbal fluency, and processing speed, whereas Latina/o acculturation predicted 6-8% of the variance in motor and executive function (trend level associations). Both linguistic and nonlinguistic cultural factors had distinct effects on neuropsychological performance.
Arentoft, Alyssa; Byrd, Desiree; Robbins, Reuben N.; Monzones, Jennifer; Miranda, Caitlin; Rosario, Ana; Coulehan, Kelly; Fuentes, Armando; Germano, Kaori Kubo; D'Aquila, Erica; Sheyin, Jacob; Fraser, Felicia; Morgello, Susan; and Rivera-Mindt, Monica, "Multidimensional effects of acculturation on English-language neuropsychological test performance among HIV+ Caribbean Latinas/os" (2012). Psychology Faculty Publications. 156.