Confirming the Three-Factor Structure of the Disgust Scale–Revised in Eight Countries
Disgust Scale–Revived; disgust sensitivity; cross-culture; factor structure
Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences
The current study evaluates the factor structure of the Disgust Scale–Revised (DS-R) in eight countries: Australia, Brazil, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United States (N = 2,606). Confirmatory factor analysis is used to compare two different models of the DS-R and to investigate the invariance of the factor structure of the DS-R across countries and gender. A three-factor solution consisting of three different but interrelated disgust factors (a 12-item core disgust factor, an 8-item animal-reminder disgust factor, and a 5-item contamination disgust factor) best accounted for the data in all countries except the Netherlands. Relative to the United States, the three-factor solution is invariant in Australia, Brazil, and Japan but not in Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, and Sweden. The three-factor solution is also invariant across gender in most countries. The implications of these cross-cultural findings for promoting a more valid and reliable assessment of disgust dimensions, as assessed by the DS-R, are discussed.
Olatunji, B.O., Moretz, M.W., McKay, D., Bjorklund, F., de Jong, P.J., Haidt, J., Hursti, T.J., Imada, S., Koller, S., Mancini, F., Page, A.C., Scheinle, A. (2009). Confirming the three-factor structure of the Disgust Scale-Revised in eight countries. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40, 234-255.