Date of Award

Spring 5-22-2021

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (BA)


Samantha Iyer, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Christopher Toulouse, Ph.D.


Water as a political tool has serious implications for global conflicts and its very nature has devastating impacts on public health. No disputes display these more clearly than those in Palestine and Kashmir which are, in large part, water related. Subsequently, public health is affected as water is integral to public health. Both Palestine and Kashmir’s positions in their regions of the world make their experiences with water weaponization against public health unique, but their statuses as occupied territories share vast similarities which make them perfect candidates for research on the intersection of water use as a weapon and public health. Palestine and Kashmir’s divergences in their geopolitical status allow us to develop a greater understanding of their individual public health crises as a result of water conflict. In analyzing the history, contexts, and politics of both territories up to their contemporary situations a clearer picture of how these two territories have experienced and are currently experiencing the weaponization of water towards their public health can be drawn. Future implications of the use of as a tool against public health in both regions will also be addressed.