Ekaterina Midgette 0000-0002-8037-7080

Jordan González 0000-0001-8309-7837


The unprecedented refugee crisis since the onset of the pandemic changed the demographics of the student population and recontextualized culturally responsive literacy education. Many Multilingual Learner refugee students entering our classrooms bring with them experiences of mass exodus that have direct implications for teaching and learning. It is imperative to identify culturally responsive pedagogies that balance cultural representation with sensitivity toward multifaceted trauma endured by Multilingual Learner refugees. Using an ecological perspective as a theoretical framework, we examine tensions and critical considerations in choosing culturally responsive children’s and young adult literature as they apply to the context of three contemporary groups of Multilingual Learner refugees in American classrooms (i.e., unaccompanied minors crossing the U.S.-Mexican border, Afghan evacuees, and the Ukrainian refugees). The article calls for research in developing a critical and coherent understanding of trauma-informed, culturally responsive approaches in the selection and integration of refugee literature within classrooms and instruction. Pedagogical implications and considerations are discussed for all classrooms in building equity and access for Multilingual Learner refugees.